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How to write an analysis

An analysis is a writing that looks at part of a document in detail. To write a good analysis, you have to ask yourself questions that focus on how and why the document works as it does. You can start the process by gathering information on the topic of your analysis and defining the questions that your analysis will answer. Once you have outlined your main arguments, look for specific evidence to support them. You can then work on compiling your analysis into a coherent script.

[ Edit ] Step

[ Edit ] Collect information and build your argument

  1. Carefully review your assignment. Before you start working on your analysis, make sure you have a clear understanding of what to do. [1] If you are writing an analysis for a class, your instructor probably gave detailed instructions for completing the assignment. If not, don't hesitate to ask them what they expect. Try to find out:
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    • If your analysis is intended to answer a specific question or focus on a particular aspect of the document you are analyzing.
    • If there are any length or formatting requirements for the analysis.
    • The quote style that your instructor wants you to use.
    • On what criteria your instructor will evaluate your analysis (eg organization, originality, good use of references and quotes or correct spelling and grammar).
  2. Collect basic information on the topic of your analysis. Most analysis assignments involve disassembling a single document. You may be asked to analyze a text document, such as a book, a poem, an article or a letter. Some analyzes focus on visual or auditory sources, such as a painting, a photograph or a movie. Identify exactly what to analyze and gather basic information, for example: [2]
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    • The title of the document (if it has one).
    • The name of the document creator. Depending on the type of document you are working with, it can be, for example, the author, artist, director, artist or photographer.
    • The form and medium of the document (eg "painting, oil on canvas"
    • When and where the document was created.
    • The historical and cultural context of the work.
  3. Make a carefully read the document and note that once you have gathered basic information you can review the document carefully.If your analysis is meant to answer a specific question or address a specific aspect of the document, think about it. Write down your thoughts and impressions. for example, if you are analyzing an ad poster, you may note: [3]
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    • Who do you think the intended audience is for the ad.
    • Who rhetorical choices the author made to convince the audience of their main points.
    • What product is advertised.
    • How the poster uses images to make the product look appealing.
    • Whether there is any text in the poster, and in so fall h out of it works with the images to reinforce the ad's message.
    • What the purpose of the ad is or what its main purpose is.
  4. Decide which questions you want to answer with your analysis. Analytical writing should have a clear, narrow focus. [4] It should also answer specific "how" or "why" questions about the document you are analyzing, rather than just summarizing the content. If your assignment does not already ask you to focus on a specific issue or aspect of the document, you must choose one.
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    • For example, if you "when analyzing an ad poster, you might focus on the question:" How does this poster use colors to symbolize the problem that the product is intended to fix? Does it also use color to represent the beneficial results of using the product? "
  5. Make a list of your main arguments. After narrowing the focus of your analysis, decide how you plan to answer the relevant ones briefly note your main arguments, which will form the main part of your analysis. [5]
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    • For example, you can write, "This poster uses the color red to symbolize pain from headaches. The blue elements in the design represent the liberation from the product. "
    • You can further develop the argument by saying," The colors used in the text reinforce the use of colors in the graphic elements on the poster and help the viewer create a direct link between the words and the images. "
  6. Collect evidence and examples to support your arguments. Simply presenting your arguments is not enough. In order to convince the reader, you must provide supporting evidence. [6] Most of this evidence should come from the document you are analyzing, although you can also cite contextual information that may provide additional support. [19659008] Write an analysis Step 6 Version 3.jpg "src =" https://www.wikihow.com/images/7/7/76/Write-an-Analysis-Step-6-Version-3.jpg/ aid2959063-v4-728px-Write-an-Analysis-Step-6-Version-3.jpg "width =" 728 "height =" 546 "class =" whcdn "/>
  • For example, if you argue that the advertising poster using red to represent pain, you may point out that the headache number is red, while all around them are blue, another proof may be the use of red letters for the words "HEADACHE" and "PAIN" in the text of the poster.
  • You can also rely on outside evidence to support your claims, for example, in the country where the advertisement was produced, the red color is often symbolically associated with warnings or danger.

[ Edit ] [19659041] Organize and prepare your analysis [19659006] Write a short dissertation or topic opinion Most analyzes start with a brief summary of the hood the points that the analysis will make. Writing your dissertation first helps you stay focused as you plan and prepare the rest of your analysis. In one or two sentences you summarize the most important arguments you will make. Be sure to enter the name and author (if known) of the document you are analyzing. [7]

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  • For example "Poster" Say! What relief, created in 1932 by designer Dorothy Plotzky, uses contrasting colors to symbolize the pain of a headache and the relief that Miss Burnham's Pep-Em-Up pills bring. The red elements indicate pain, while blue indicates soothing relief. ”
  • Create an outline for your analysis. By building on your dissertation and the arguments you outlined as you read the document in more detail, create a brief description. Make sure to include the most important arguments you want to make as well as the evidence you will use to support each argument. For example, your outline may follow this basic structure:
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    • I. Introduction
      • a. Background
      • b. Thesis
    • II. Body
      • a. Argument 1
        • in. Example
        • ii. Analysis / Explanation
        • iii. Example
        • iv. Analysis / Explanation
      • b. Argument 2
        • in. Example
        • ii. Analysis / Explanation
        • iii. Example
        • iv. Analysis / Explanation
    • c. Argument 3
        • in. Example
        • ii. Analysis / Explanation
        • iii. Example
        • iv. Analysis / Explanation
    • III. Conclusion
  • Prepare an introductory paragraph. Your introductory paragraph should provide basic background information about the document you are analyzing, as well as your dissertation or topic opinion. You do not need to provide a detailed summary of the document, but provide enough information for your audience to have a basic understanding of what you are talking about. [8]
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    • For example, "In the late 1920s Kansas City teacher Ethel Burnham developed a patent acquisition drug that quickly achieved commercial success throughout the American Midwest. The drug's popularity was largely due to a series of simple but eye-catching advertising posters created during the coming decade. The poster "Say! What relief," created in 1932 by designer Dorothy Plotzky, uses contrasting colors to symbolize the pain of a headache and the relief that Miss Burnham's Pep-Em-Up pills have. & # 39;
  • Use the body of the essay to present your main arguments Follow the main arguments you want to make after showing your outline, depending on the length and complexity of your analysis you can dedicate one or more paragraphs to each argument Each paragraph should contain a topic sentence that summarizes what it is about, along with two or more sentences that extend and support the topic sentence, making sure to include specific examples and evidence to support each argument. [9] [19659008] Write an analysis Step 10 version 3.jpg ” src=”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/9/96/Write-an-Analysis-Step-10-Version-3.jpg/aid2959063-v4-728px-Write-an-Analysis-Step-10-Version-3.jpg” width=”728″ height=”546″ class=”whcdn” />
    • Be sure to include clear transitions between each argument and each paragraph. Use transitional words and phrases, to e Examples "Further", "In addition", "For example", "Likewise" or "However. . . ”
    • The best way to organize your arguments will vary based on the particular topic and the specific points you are trying to make. In your analysis of the poster, for example, you can start with arguments about the red visual elements and then move on to a discussion about how the red text fits.
  • Write a conclusion that summarizes your analysis. In your closing paragraph you summarize the most important ideas and arguments you made in your analysis. Try to avoid just redoing your dissertation. Instead, you can end with 1 or 2 sentences that discuss further work that can be done based on your analysis, or look for a way to tie your conclusion to the opening of the essay. [10] [19659008] Write an analysis Step 11 version 3.jpg "src =" https://www.wikihow.com/imagesore/9/90/Write-an-Analysis-Step-11-Version-3.jpg/ aid2959063-v4-728px-Write-an-Analysis-Step-11-Version-3.jpg "width =" 728 "height =" 546 "class =" whcdn "/>
    • For example, you can finish your essay with some sentences about how other ads at that time may have been affected by Dorothy Plotzky's use of colors.
  • Avoid presenting your personal views on the document. An analytical essay is intended to present arguments based on clear evidence and For example, do not focus on your opinions or subjective reactions to the document. [11]
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    • For example, in your discussion of the ad you can avoid that you think the art is "beautiful" or that the advertising is "boring." Focus instead on what the poster was meant to achieve and how the designer tried achieve these goals.
  • [ Edit ] Polishing your analysis

    1. Make sure the organization of your analysis makes sense. Once you have prepared your analysis, you can read it again and make sure it flows in a logical way. Make sure there are clear transitions between your ideas and that the order in which you present your ideas makes sense.
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      • For example, if your essay is currently skipping between discussions about the red and blue elements on the poster, you might consider organizing it so that you discuss all the red elements first, then focus on the blue ones.
    2. Look for areas where you can clarify your writing or add information. When writing an analysis, it is easy to accidentally disclose details that can make your arguments clearer. Read your draft carefully and look for areas where you may have provided relevant information. [12]
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      • For example, you can look for places where you can give additional examples to support one of your main arguments.
    3. Cut out irrelevant passages. Check your essay for any key or foreign details that do not support the main focus of the analysis. Delete any sentences or passages that are not directly relevant to what you are trying to say. [13]
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      • For example, if you included a paragraph about Dorothy Plotzky's previous work as a children's book illustrator, you may want to cut it if it is not in some way refers to her use of color in advertising.
      • your analysis can be difficult, especially if you go into each sentence a lot or find the extra material to be really interesting. Your analysis will be stronger if you keep it short and to the point.
    4. Correctly read your writing and fix any errors. Once you discover some important organizational issues, go through your analysis carefully. Look for any spelling, grammar, or punctuation problems and correct them. This is also a good time to make sure all your quotes are formatted correctly. [14]
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      • You may find it helpful to have someone else go through your essay and look for any mistakes you may have missed.

    [ Edit ] Examples of analysis analysis and conclusion

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    [ Edit ] References

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    1. http: //utminers.utep .edu / omwilliamson / engl0310 / Textanalysis.htm
    2. http://utminers.utep.edu/omwilliamson/ engl0310 / Textanalysis.htm
    3. https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/visual_rhetoric/analyzing_visual_documents/elements_of_analysis.html.0219659111achte↑ http://edminers.utep /engl0310/Textanalysis.htm
    4. : //www.roanestate.edu/owl/Analysis.html
    5. http://www.mdc.edu/wolfso n / academic / artsletters / art_philosophy / humanities / how_to_write_an_analytical_essay.htm
    6. [1945[194590] http://utminers.utep.edu/omwilliamson/engl0310/Textanalysis.htm
    7. [1945 https://owl.purdue owl / general_writing / visual_rhetoric / analyzing_visual_documents / organizing_your_analysis6] 11 http://www.mdc.edu/wolfson/academic/artsletters/art_philosofy/humanities/how_to_write_an_analytical_essay.htm [196591] purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/visan_ystems/organizing_your_analysis.html Tu 1919919888 ↑ http://utminers.utep.edu/omwilliamson/engl0310/Textanalysis.htm
    8. http: //utminers edu / omwilliamson / engl0310 / Textalysis .htm
    9. http://utminers.utep.edu/omwilliamson/engl0310/Textanalysis.htm
    10. [1945 http://utminers.utep.edu/ omwilliamson / engl0 310 / Textanalysis.htm [19659122]
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