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How to teach math for kindergarten



Teaching mathematics to kindergarten children is about introducing the basics and making mathematical fun so that they will want to continue practicing and developing. Start by helping the child recognize numbers using grouped objects and teach them how the numbers progress with counting activities. Then help them understand the basics of addition, subtraction and geometry with simple equations and form activities. There are also several general strategies that can help your kindergarten teacher learn math, such as reading books, playing games and using manipulative tools.

[ Edit ] Step

[ Edit ] Recognize numbers and count

  1. Group and move objects together to display numbers. To do this with your daycare, do dots on a piece of paper or place physical objects in groups, such as trays, pennies or blocks. Create different number of groups in a sequence, such as 1
    , 2, 3, 4, etc. Then look at the groups with your kindergarten children and ask them how many are in each group. Help them calculate the number in each group by counting them yourself and saying the number. [1]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 1.jpg
    • When a child can look at a group of up to 3 objects or pictures and immediately recognize the number without counting them, they have mastered this concept.
  2. Practice writing numbers on a paper or whiteboard. Every time you draw dots on a piece of paper and ask your preschool to tell you how many there are, write the number next to the dots. Then have your nursery student copy the number you just wrote and say what it is again. Once they have learned all the numbers, ask them to start writing them next to groups of dots. [2]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 2.jpg
    • You can also get processed spreadsheets that have numbers that your kindergarten can track for practice.
  3. Count high when you touch or point to different objects. Do this when you go about your day, for example when you shop, cook or do laundry. Also encourage your kindergarten to count every item they encounter. For example, give them a pile of toys and ask them to count them high, or ask them to tell them how many eggs are left in the carton. [3]
      Teach Math for Kindergarten Step 3.jpg
    • You can also show the evolution of numbers in everyday objects, for example, by pointing out the date in a calendar.
    • The child is ready to move on in math when they understood how to count objects progressively, such as "One, two, three, four, etc."
  4. Compare everyday objects with words like smaller, more and the same. Comparisons help your preschooler understand the number of advances, so start using these words often when you show them different groups of numbers. Say things like, "This group of dots has 1 more than that group", or "This pile of pens has 1 less than that group ", or" These two piles of apples have the same amount. "Then ask your kindergarten to tell how many are in each pile. [4]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 4.jpg
    • When your kindergarten can say how many or less one group of objects has compared to another group, has mastered this concept.
    • Increase the difficulty when your daycare is ready by asking them which group has 2, 3, 4 or 5 more than another group You can also repeat this exercise n is moving on to the teen numbers.
  5. Start with small numbers, such as 1, 2, and 3, 4 and 5. Continue to work with the larger number only after the child has taken the basic concept of small numbers. Use small groups of items, write smaller numbers to practice first and count high to 5 with kindergarten children to begin. Don't learn teenage numbers, e.g. 10, 11, 12, 13, etc., until your kindergarten has mastered numbers 1-9. [5]
      Teach Math for Kindergarten Step 5.jpg

[ Edit ] Add, subtract and measure

  1. Tell a story about addition or subtraction. Stories help keep your childhood's attention and facilitate understanding of additions and subtractions. [6] Incorporate the child's names and things that interest them in these stories whenever possible to help get their attention. [7]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 6.jpg
    • For example, you could say something like "If Lucy has 2 candy pieces, and Erik gives her 1 to, how many candy pieces does Lucy have?"
  2. Print all different ways to represent a number. Although kindergarten children do not need to know how to solve equations at this point, you can begin to introduce the concept of equations. Print out all the ways to represent a number by adding other numbers together. [8]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 7.jpg
    • For example, to represent the number 4, you can write, "0 + 4 = 4, 1 + 3 = 4, 2 + 2 = 4, 3 + 1 = 4 and 4 + 0 = 4. ”
  3. Let the children measure classroom objects with a ruler. Show kindergarten figures on a ruler and show them how they can use it to measure things. Then encourage them to use it to measure different objects in your classroom. [9]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 8.jpg
    • Make a hunter to measure things by putting the kids into law and telling them what to find and measure, like a chalk, a picture or a specific toy.
  4. Learn kindergarten to discover patterns by arranging beads and blocks. Use different color beads and arrange them in a color pattern or arrange different shaped blocks into a shape pattern. Ask kindergarten children to identify the pattern and then recreate it with their own beads and blocks. [10]
      Teach Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 9.jpg
    • Gradually increase the complexity of the patterns. For example, you can start with a colored bead pattern of red, blue, red, blue, etc. Then increase the complexity to red, green, blue, red, green blue etc.

[ Edit ] Basic Geometry Teaching

  1. Use guidelines to describe the world around your kindergarten. Directional conditions help your preschool understand the relationship between objects and the physical world, which is an important basic geometry concept. Model this by using spatial terms to describe where objects are, for example, above, below, next to, around, and behind. Then encourage your kindergarten to do the same. [11]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 10.jpg
    • For example, you can say something like "Your stuffed animals are on top of your bookshelf" or "The shoes are in a shoe shelf," or "The big pot is under the counter." [19659009] Encourage the child to point out the 2-D and 3D shapes that they encounter, which will give the child practice recognizing specific shapes. Model this for the child first by pointing out shapes you encounter or drawing and say what they are Then ask the child to do the same. [12]
        Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 11.jpg
      • Try saying something like "Our refrigerator is in the form of a rectangle" or "This ball is a sphere." [19659015] Start with simple shapes, such as square, rectangle, triangle and circle, then proceed to more advanced shapes, such as pentagon, hexagon, star and heart.
    • Count sides and angles in different shapes. Each time you come across a shape, let your kindergarten study it in closer Ask them to tell you how many sides and angles the shape has. Model this for them by counting the pages of a new shape high and asking them to do the same when they encounter a similar shape. [13]
        Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 12.jpg
      • For example, you can say, "This square has four sides and four angles," or "This circle has no angles and only one side because it is round."
      • Begin by doing this with simple shapes, such as squares, triangles, rectangles and circles. Then move on to hexagons, pentagons, octagons and stars. You can also do this with 3D objects, for example by examining a block or cube and counting the sides and angles it has.
    • Show the child how to separate and combine shapes to form new ones. Give the child an example first, for example, by showing them how you can cut a square in half to get two rectangles or combine two triangles to make a square. Then give the preschool paper in different shapes and ask them to separate and combine the shapes to form new ones. [14]
        Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 13.jpg
      • For example, you can say: "Assemble the triangles to make a square," or "Cut the circle in half to make two lunar shapes. "

[ Edit ] Selecting tools for teaching mathematics

  1. Read books that contain numbers and other mathematical concepts. Reading books that include calculus, additions, subtraction and forms is a good way to introduce basic mathematical concepts. Read aloud with your preschool and ask them questions about the images to help them remember the concepts. [15]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 14.jpg
    • For example, you can say something like: "See , there are 5 ducks here, but then this one disappears. How many ducks are there now? ”
    • Make sure you choose age-related accounting books to make it easier for your kindergarten to understand.
  2. Use worksheets and workbooks to practice mathematical concepts. You can find many free math worksheets online or buy a workbook containing progressive lessons and worksheets. Have your kindergarten go over 1 or more worksheets each day to solidify the concepts they are working on. [16]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 15.jpg
    • For example, you can use a spreadsheet to help your preschool recognize numbers and see how they are progressing.
    • Be sure to include a variety of spreadsheet types to keep your kindergarten in pre-school with the material.
  3. Do math outside the classroom as you go about the day. Maths are everywhere! You can learn mathematical concepts when shopping for groceries, doing household chores or during a family outing. Look for ways that you can reinforce and practice mathematical concepts with your daycare in your daily activities. [17]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 16.jpg
    • For example, you can ask your kindergarten to pick out two oranges for you at the grocery store, have them figure out $ 3 to pay for a gallon of milk.
    • Or, if you go to the zoo, ask your preschool to count the number of animals they see in a closet.
  4. Use games to help reinforce concepts and make math fun. Playing games with your kindergarten is another great way to keep them interested in math and associating it with fun. Choose age-appropriate games that you can play with your preschool and emphasize mathematical concepts as you play, for example by saying the numbers out loud and encouraging your kindergarten to do the same. Some great games to play with your child include: [18]
      Teach Math for Kindergarten Step 17.jpg
    • Board games, such as Candyland or Chutes and Ladders.
    • Domino games, such as Train.
    • Card games such as Uno and Go Fish.
  5. Incorporate a variety of manipulators to make mathematics practical. Manipulatives are physical articles that you can use to teach your child mathematical concepts. These include items they can hold in their hands, such as trays, clay and pennies. Some ways you can integrate manipulative means include: [19]
      Learn Mathematics for Kindergarten Step 18.jpg
    • Group physical objects to represent numbers.
    • Sort physical objects by color, size, shape or material.
    • Casting of clay in various forms.

[ Edit ] References

  1. https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/practiceguide/early_math_pg_111313.pdf [19659080] ↑ ] https://www.scholastic.com/parents/school-success/learning-toolkit-blog/4-major-math-concepts-your-kids-learn-prek-kindergarten.html
  2. [1945 https : //ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/practiceguide/early_math_pg_111313.pdf
  3. https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/practiceguide/early_math_pg_111313 .pdf [19659081] ↑ https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/practiceguide/early_math_pg_111313.pdf
  4. https://www.scholastic.com/parents/school-success/learning -toolkit-blog / 4-major-math-concept-your-kids learn-p rack-nursery.html
  5. https://www.wgu.edu/heyteach/article/3-ways-to -make-teaching-math-fun-and-easy1711.html
  6. [1945 https://www.scholastic.com/parents/school-success/learning-toolkit-blog/4-major-math-con cepts-your-kids-learn-preach-kindergarten.html
  7. https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/practiceguide/early_math_pg_111313.pdf.0219659088vard↑ https: / /ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/practiceguide/early_math_pg_111313.pdf [19659089] ↑ https://www.scholastic.com/parents/school-success/learning-toolkit-blog/4-major -math-concepts-your-kids-learn-preach-kindergarten.html
  8. [1945 https://www.scholastic.com/parents/school-success/learning-toolkit-blog/4-major-math -concepts-your-kids-learn-preach-kindergarten.html
  9. https://www.scholastic.com/parents/school-success/learning-toolkit-blog/4-major-math-concepts -your-kids-learn-preach-kindergarten.html
  10. https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Do cs / Practical Guide / early_math_pg_111313.pdf
  11. https: //tkcalifornia.org/teaching-tools/mathematics/teaching-strategies-3/
  12. [1945 https://www.homeschoolmath.net/teaching/kindergarten.p hpebrit19659095vard 1945 https://tkcalifornia.org/teaching-tools/mathematics/teaching-strategies-3/
  13. [1945 https://www.homeschoolmath.net/ education / daycare.php
  14. [1945 https://www.scholastic.com/parents/school-success/learning-toolkit-blog/4-major-math-concepts-your-kids-learn-prek- kindergarten.html

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