If you own a plug-in hybrid electronics (PHVW) or all electric vehicles (AEV), your maintenance requirements are likely to be different from what you are used to with a straight gas engine. For example, there are no spark plugs, emissions or exhaust system controls. Since PHVW still has a gas engine, you need to pay attention to the usual car maintenance tasks. But this article focuses on the components of the electric vehicle.
Like all cars, the amount and type of use affects your car maintenance schedule. If you regularly use your electric car for repeated short trips, travel in freezing conditions, experience stops and drive traffic in hot weather, drive in dusty conditions or rough roads, or use a car-top carrier, you want to stick to a rigid maintenance schedule.
If you mostly use your electric vehicle for long, smooth rides at a steady speed, less frequent maintenance checks may be required. Also note that each electric and hybrid car manufacturer has slightly different maintenance recommendations based on the type of system and materials they use in vehicle design. Always follow the manufacturer̵
Most electric cars offer regenerative braking, which usually lasts longer than the braking systems of ordinary vehicles. However, you want to regularly check and change brake fluid about once every year or two. Also monitor brake linings, lines, cables and rotors.
The microfilter in the passenger compartment has an important task to keep the circulating air clean. Remove it and look at the appearance. It should be white, not brown. Replace it annually or more often if needed.
Like other vehicles, you must maintain proper inflation and rotate your tires according to a recommended schedule. When you have the tires rotated, or if you want to deal with it yourself, do an annual inspection of the axle and suspension parts, drive axle boots, tilt swivel in the front suspension and steering gear and link.
The charging port is an essential component that is not included in an ordinary car. Check the door for debris every time you connect your electric car. Also look at the sealing cap. Use compressed air and proper eye protection to clean if necessary.
Your FOB is the key to entry when it comes to your electric vehicle. Avoid a dead battery that will keep your key from working by replacing them every 18 months.
Electric vehicles have much less fluid to check regularly than a regular vehicle. For example, there is no oil to maintain. However, you still need to monitor the reduction gear, coolant used for air conditioning, brake fluid and wiper fluid.
Electric vehicles use standard wiper blades, and just like their gasoline-powered friends, EV wipers, warps and cracks wear out. Replace the dryers once or twice a year, usually in the fall before the winter weather sets in and again in the spring as needed.
Rechargeable batteries are the heart of the electric vehicle system so maintaining them is a crucial task. Monitor your battery levels daily and record performance. You will probably see that temperature, wind and speed all affect the efficiency of the battery. Most new EVs have a warranty that includes the battery that covers eight years or 100,000 miles, whichever comes first. In some states, the warranty is for 10 years or 150,000 miles. However, your batteries will lose efficiency over time and will eventually need to be replaced.
According to Carfax, you can extend your overall battery life with careful daily routines and they recommend you “Keep the battery charge state between 20% and 80% whenever possible. If the battery is charged repeatedly, it will deteriorate faster. It is also true to leave the battery under low charge for an extended period of time. Most EVs have settings that allow you to choose when you want the battery to start charging and how fully you want to charge it. “
Electric car engines require less maintenance than their gas cousins, but dealers still maintain checklists of things to check every so often. For example, Tesla recommends a transfer service every 12 years or 150,000 miles on some of its models. Sounds pretty good if you are used to check-ups every six months, but the point is that you should follow the car manufacturer’s specific maintenance advice.
Standard cleaning maintenance
In addition to the body components, electric car owners also have the typical car care tasks of washing, waxing and interior details. Use appropriate cleansers and moisturizers for your type of seat cover. Also take care of lines and steering wheel. Keep debris and liquids away from the screen and wipe them regularly when cleaning mirrors and windows.