You don't always have to buy seeds or young plants to grow fruit trees, because most people already have seeds inside them. The tricky part extracts them in a form where they can be planted correctly, find the right growing conditions and then exercise a little patience. Fruit plants can take a long time to grow, but the process is part of the fun. Although they never bear fruit, the beautiful foliage of citrus, pineapple and avocado plants can be a rich reward.
Oranges, lemons and glues, oh my! Any citrus fruits have seeds you can extract and plant. For most of these seeds (including lemon, lime and orange) you want to limit air exposure to a minimum. You must also clean the fruit (meat) of them. One of the best ways to do both these things at the same time is to pop the seeds you work directly in your mouth. This will keep them moist when exposed to very little air, and your saliva's natural enzymes help clean their surfaces and prevent potential rot when placed in the ground. Pretty cool, right? If you are not in saliva dilution of your seeds, just put them in water overnight. Do not allow them to dry out.
When they are clean, place them directly in the dirt about half an inch down. Some like to put them together in a wet paper towel inside a plastic bag, which also leads to germination. By placing them directly in the ground, you save a step and skip the need for certain materials. Anyway, make sure the seeds are in a warm and humid environment.
When they germinate, citrus plants prefer dry, well-drained soils and will struggle if the soil is too wet. They do best in sunny, hot climates, but can be overcome if kept near a sunny window or greenhouse. The plants will eventually develop into trees and potentially bear fruit in three to six years. Meanwhile, its leaves and branches provide a beautiful and interesting addition to any plant collection.
Pre-planting of the top of the pineapple is relatively easy with the right method and a little patience. To begin, grab the fruit with one hand and the leafy stem with the other. Give it a twist until the growth on the top is free. Remove the lowest few layers of leaves, as the bottom of the stem is eventually immersed in water and the leaves begin to curl down in it. Leaves in the water will cause rats and bacteria, which either slows down your progress or kills the plant completely.
Place the top on its side in a well-ventilated area so that the bottom can scar over. Depending on the humidity and temperature, it usually takes about seven to ten days. Let the bottom scar all over this prevents it from rotating when submerged in water. But don't wait long. If all upper leaves die, the plant will not have enough energy to grow roots.
When the bottom is firmly touched (not wet or squishy when you press it) put it in water. Use a round vase or container that can support the plant upright, keeping the leaves out of the water, while keeping an even level at the bottom for the roots to grow gradually. Keep your one and future pineapple out of direct sunlight for both the drying and immersion phases. Filtered / indirect light is best for these parts of the process.
Change the water every one to three days, or when it gets dark. This is where patience comes in – it can take two to three months to start seeing the growth. Once you have established several roots that measure a few inches each, the pineapple can be potted. At this time, full sun is best, as it will help the plant grow faster, but baby pineapple can also tolerate diffuse light. In fact, their exotic, palm-like leaves make excellent indoor ornaments.
Do not overdo your pineapple. Keep the soil moist, but make sure it drains sufficiently so that it does not get completely wet. In two to three years, your plant will be ready to flower. If you want to encourage this, seal your three-year plant in a bag of some pineapple slices and keep it away from direct sunlight for three to seven days. Then return it to the light and remove the bag. It will eventually bloom and then develop into a full pineapple for about six months.
When your pineapple is ripe, the original plant will die, but it should have sent some shots then. These can be divided and replanted to continue the cycle.
Getting the pit out without destroying the fruit of the avocado can sometimes be tricky. Puncture the seed with a knife a little to get it out okay, as long as you don't go too deep. Wash the pit and place the bottom (rounder) half in the soil of a plant you already have. Choose a plant you water about once a week or more so that the pit gets wet regularly. Like many larger fruits, it can take many months (sometimes over six!) Before anything happens. So, with this method you can "set it up and forget it!" As long as you keep the tip right when planting, it is an idiotic way to sprout an avocado tree (no toothpicks are needed).
When a plant emerges from the pit, its luggage and leaves will resemble a money tree. As long as it has plenty of sunlight and well drainage soil, it begins to grow high, and its leaves become broad and heavy. The young tree needs regular watering, but the soil should dry out between the drinks. A mature tree that is moved into a large pot or a sunny, fertile area can start producing avocados in three to 15 years. There is no guarantee that an avocado tree will bear any fruit, but it will always be a beautiful plant that adds vitality to your home or garden. It's a pretty good return on your first investment of an avocado.
For these three types of fruit plants, patience is the key. Moving them from indirect light to full light directly or exposing them to other drastic changes such as extreme wind or swinging temperatures can be lethal. Citrus trees tend to be the easiest (and fastest) sprout. They can also be quite elastic when they are established, and they are the fastest to produce fruit. Pineapple takes the greatest effort, but when they spray new growth at the top, or start a new plant out on the side, they are extremely hard! Avocados take the most time to grill, and can also be a little pickier with light or temperature changes or when they are transplanted, but the reward for the effort is a tree that grows superfoods in your own backyard.
Organic products will have a greater likelihood of sprouting and producing fruit, as it is subject to less chemical manipulation. While there is a risk these plants can never bear fruit, especially if they are not in their native climate, their tropical foliage can make unique additions to your home, whether grown indoors or outdoors. Citrus, pineapple and avocado plants can also be very fun to grow, whether you are an experienced green thumb or just starting out.