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How to make DIY soap



If you have been to a market or pharmacy recently, you have probably noticed the sudden lack of hand cleansers, hand soaps and detergents. As part of our collective efforts to confront COVID-19, we have all intensified our cleaning game, and the limits on deliveries are a natural result.

US Centers for Disease Control often recommends hand washing with soap as one of the best possible defense against the virus. Here is the basic procedure for making your own soap at home.

Soap Ingredients

The basic mixture required for ordinary soap is a kind of fat or oil in combination with an alkali-like lye. There are many types of fats and oils, and the term lye has been used on several different chemicals over the years (dating back to its origins as a wooden box thousands of years ago), so this combination is not strictly technically controlled. The US Food and Drug Administration defines soap as "composed primarily of alkali salts of fatty acids", which is the final result of combining an alkali with fats or oils.

Today, the word lye usually refers to sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide in association with detergents (the two are similar, but require different ratios to other ingredients). Other types of lye have culinary uses, but the type of soap can be dangerous to ingest. D dried soap products should not contain any lye, since alkaline has been combined with the other ingredients during the process and created a new chemical structure.

 powder to be used in soap

Safety instructions

The cleaning of lye is very caustic in its concentrated form. It can burn holes in fabrics, damage the skin hard and cause serious danger when inhaled. Proper protective equipment and good ventilation in the work area are essential for safety.

If you get lye on our skin, flush the affected area immediately with vinegar (applying water can aggravate the problem), then apply a paste made of baking soda and purified water to neutralize lye and soothe burns. Always keep liquor and other chemicals out of the reach of children and pets.

Avoid using utensils or equipment made of aluminum, tin, chromium, zinc, magnesium, bronze, brass or copper, as they can react with lye in ways that can be the most dangerous and at least corrosive to your cooking utensils.

Do not reuse any of the tools or containers used to handle liquor for any other purpose.

Hot Process Soap Making

Step 1 – Action [19659015] Measure in the two separate metal bowls the prepared amounts of lye and purified water. Use your kitchen scale to make sure the proportions are correct. Different fats will interact with sodium hydroxide slightly differently, but the approximate ratio should be some lye to 2.35 parts water to 6.75 parts fat.

As an example, a recipe requires 20 grams of lye, 41 grams of coconut oil (heated to a liquid state), 47 grams of olive oil, 47 grams of palm oil, and 47 grams of water.

Other ingredients such as milk, coffee, oats and various herbs can give your soap its own scents and textures, but the crucial conditions from a chemical perspective are the balance between your alkali and fats.

 old-fashioned kitchen scale

Step 2 – Stir the lye in water

Stir gently and gradually into the water and stir the mixture until the lye has completely dissolved. Never pour water directly on the liquor as the reaction can expand rapidly. Do not let this caustic solution spill, and be sure to handle the bowl – the chemical reaction makes it hot when touched.

Step 3 – Cool (optional)

You may want to cool the gradient solution under a ventilation fan while preparing the rest of the ingredients. Some recipes require them to be combined at similar temperatures, but the important part is that all elements are in liquid state when you mix them, as they must be properly combined.

Step 4 – Melting grease and / or oils [19659015] Measure out grease and / or oils that you intend to use and put them in a cooking pot (one possibility is an old crockpot that you will not use for other cooking) then set Heat it on low heat until it melts completely.

Step 5 – Mix

Add the lye solution to the other ingredients and stir well with a metal spoon. After the first stirring, use a hand or stick mixer to combine everything carefully for 5-10 minutes until the mixture reaches a consistency like pudding.

Step 6 – Cook

Cover and allow the soap to cook at low temperature for one hour. Resist the desire to move it more by focusing on preparing your soap molds.

 slow cooker on a kitchen counter

Step 7 – Prep Molds

You can choose from a large number of common or nice shapes if you pick up some new molds or Use old kitchen utensils that you are comfortable converting to soap-only equipment. If you choose something like a bread pan, you may want to iron it with parchment paper, if available.

Step 8 – Harden and Cure

Gently spoon or pour the mixture into the mold. Allow the soap to cool and cure for 24 hours before removing it and (if it was in a large container) cut it into bath sizes.

If you can, keep the rods somewhere cool and dry to cure a bit more – some recipes require cure for up to a month. From a chemical point of view, the soap is ready to use now, but it can be more crumbly or soft than you would like.

Step 9 – Grate (optional)

If you want a product you can use as detergent for laundry or laundry, you can take a cheese grater to your product at this time to make cereals from the bars.

Step 10 – Clean, label and store equipment

All equipment that has been subjected to lye must be thoroughly rinsed prior to other use. For best safety practice this should only be your soap making kit and never go back to regular circulation.

Adding moisturizer and fragrance

All standard soaps dry out the skin by repeated use. Adding moisturizer such as Aloe Vera can provide some protection. Other essential oils such as lavender or camphor oil can provide pleasing scents, and some are known to have homeopathic properties.

While you're making your favorite recipes, you can take things a step further and use some herbs from your garden to make your own essential oils!


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