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How to maintain a garden



Gardens of all kinds can make your garden look beautiful, but they can become messy or overgrown if you do not maintain them properly. Each garden has different requirements and growing needs, so make sure you use the right equipment and materials for them. If you grow vegetables in the ground or a raised garden bed, provide enough food and water to help them thrive. For flower gardens or general landscaping, remove weeds and get rid of dead growths. If you maintain a water garden, make sure it is not contaminated or dirty, otherwise your plants will not survive. With a little regular care and maintenance, your garden looks great!

[ Edit ] Step

[ Edit ] Supporting Vegetable Beds

  1. Look for companion vegetables to plant together for a better harvest. Some plants work well with others because they can repel pests or if they do not compete for nutrients. When planning your vegetable beds, try mixing larger vegetables with less to keep them protected from the wind. Try using basil or lavender in gardens that attract pests, or plant coriander and sunflowers to attract beneficial insects. [1]
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    • Use plants that have pungent odors, such as onions or garlic, in your vegetable beds to deter other major pests.
    • Make sure you check if plants are compatible before planting them together as they can compete for nutrients.
  2. Watery soil to a depth when it dries out in summer. Use a trowel to dig into the soil and touch it with your finger to see if it feels dry. If it does, slowly pour water into the garden bed and let it soak in the soil. Continue watering the garden until the soil feels wet at least below the surface. Check the soil every 1-2 days to make sure it has not dried out again. [2]
      Maintain a garden Step 2.jpg
    • Avoid overwatering the garden as it can cause your plants to develop rot and prevent healthy growth.
    • If you can install a drip irrigation system so that the soil remains moist.
    • Elevated garden beds usually dry out faster than those found in the ground.
  3. Sprinkle 5- 10-10 fertilizers on the ground 3-4 weeks after planting vegetables. Go to your local garden store and look for a granulated 5-10-10 fertilizer that is made for vegetable gardens. Use about 1-2 tablespoons (14–28 g) of fertilizer per plant and spread it in the soil so that it is away from the vegetable strains. Water your garden immediately so that fertilizer drops into the soil. [3]
      Maintain a Garden Step 3.jpg
    • Use gloves when spreading fertilizer as it may cause skin irritation.
    • If you grow vine plants, e.g. melons or squash, spread fertilizer as soon as the vines begin to spread.
  4. Spread of mulch over the earth. Choose organic mulch, such as leaves, hay or bark, and get enough to cover the entire garden area. Look for mulch that has smaller pieces rather than large pieces because it is not as effective at retaining moisture. Use a rake to create a thin, even layer of mulch, leaving between mulch and vegetable stalks to prevent rot. Throughout the season [4]
      Maintain a garden step 4.jpg
    • Mulching also prevents weeds from growing in the spaces between your vegetables.
  5. Remove weeds or cramped plants when you notice them. Check your garden every 1-2 days and look for weeds that come through the soil. Grasp the trunk and pull up as much of the root system as you can so that they do not grow back. Then pull all vegetable plants that are closer than another growth because they can compete for nutrients. Pick out the weakest growths so that you are more likely to have successful crops. [5]
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    • If you prefer not to pull the weeds by hand, cut into the soil with a pick just below the weeds or vegetable roots.
  6. Spray plants with soapy water to remove and prevent pests. Fill a garden sprayer or spray bottle with liquid detergent and water. Apply the homemade pesticide to the whole vegetable, including the stems and under the leaves. If you have trouble reaching all parts of the plants with a spray bottle, wet a clean cloth with the solution and wipe off any areas that you missed clean. [6]
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    • Try to keep your plants down with a gentle stream to clear away pests that get stuck on the leaves.
    • Avoid using chemical pesticides as they will stay in the soil or on your vegetables and make them unsafe to eat.
  7. Put fence around your garden to keep out larger pests. If you have rabbits going into your vegetables, use a chicken wire fence that is buried underground and extends up. If you are dealing with raccoons or possums, choose wire fences that are tall and extend underground. Lightly place plastic nets around the bottom of the fence to deter animals from getting near it. [7]
      Keep a garden step 7.jpg
    • If you have deer walking into your garden, look for a net roof that is high and anchored to the ground.
  8. To the ground and old plants in the fall to add more organic matter. After you harvest the vegetables, pull a shoe through the ground to turn it over. Mix in the roots or stems of your vegetables to decompose and add nutrients to the soil. Smooth the soil and spread it evenly in your garden bed so it is ready for the next growing season. [8]
      Keep a garden step 8.jpg
    • If you want to add more nutrients, spread a compost to the soil that
    • Do not leave any diseased plants in the soil as they can introduce bacteria to next season's growth.

[ Edit ] Sustaining Flowers and Landscaping

  1. Water the soil to a depth of if it feels dry. Dig a small hole with a trowel that is deep and feel the earth with your finger. If it is dry to the touch, use a watering can or garden hose with a sprinkler bracket to water the plants. Let the water soak in the soil until it is wet under the surface. [9]
      Keep a garden step 9.jpg
    • If you can afford, you can buy an irrigation or sprinkler system for your garden so you don't have to worry about watering it yourself.
    • If you notice that plant leaves turn yellow or dripping, you may have watered your garden. Allow the soil to dry out before watering again.
  2. Pull out weeds by hand or with a pick each week. Look for growth in the soil between your plants at least once a week so that your plants get the nutrients they need. Grasp the base of the weeds as close to the ground as you can and pull them straight out of the ground to remove roots. If you want to use a notch, push it into the ground to cut roots before removing them from your garden. [10]
      Keep a garden step 10.jpg
    • Do not throw weeds in a compost bin because they can still spread seeds or root again. layers of organic bark over the soil to prevent weeds from growing through. Mulch can also help your garden retain more moisture so you don't have to water it as often.}}
  3. Cut the lawn around your beds to maintain the garden. Stand in front of your garden and keep the shovel vertical. Place the sharp edge of the shovel against the turf around the edges of your garden and push it into the ground. Pull the handle toward you to remove a wedge of peat so that your garden has a clean edge. Continue around the entire perimeter of the garden bed with the shovel. [11]
      Keep a garden step 11.jpg
    • If you have an electric garden disk, you can use it instead.
  4. Top dress the ground with compost in the spring and autumn. Start spreading the compost before the main growing season begins, otherwise your plants may not have the nutrients they need to bloom. [12]
      Maintain a garden step 12.jpg
    • Compost adds more nutrients to your soil and keeps your plants healthy.
    • You can buy compost from your local garden shop or you can make your own.
  5. Prune shrubs to help thin them out and improve growth. If you have shrubs that bloom in the summer, choose to prune them in late winter. If your plants bud early in the spring, then cut the branches immediately after flowering so that they have time to recover. Use hand cutters to trim up to one-third of the plant's growth. Make your incisions at a 45-degree angle so that water flows away from them and reduces the risk of rats. [13]
      Keep a garden step 13.jpg
    • Make sure you reach the center of the plants to remove some of the internal branches to allow air flow through the plant.
    • If you notice branches or leave shrinking or yellowing from the heat during the summer, prune them so that they do not kill the rest of the plant.
  6. Dead-haired dying flowers in the summer to promote future growth. Wait until the flowers in the garden begin to shrink, or when they turn yellow or brown. Squeeze the flowers together and gently twist them to pull them off the plant. If you have trouble removing the flowers by hand, cut the flowers in the base with a pair of hand cutters. [14]
      Keep a garden step 14.jpg
    • If you leave dead flowers on your plants, they may not bloom fully during the next growing season.
    • If you have perennial plants, cut them to a height at the end of the growing season, otherwise they may not grow as well in the next year. [15]
  7. Rake debris from the garden bed in the fall. Remove any dead plant matter that has fallen into the soil as it can easily contain diseases or cause weeds to grow in the area. Carefully pull your rake over the ground and collect any debris or debris in a pile. Throw everything you rake into a garbage so that it doesn't spread anywhere else in your garden. [16]
      Keep a garden step 15.jpg
    • Cleaning up debris in the fall ensures that bacteria do not absorb into the soil before the next growing season.
    • You do not need to remove plants that have died or wilted naturally after the growing season because they can add nutrients back into your garden. [17]

Edit ] Caring for a Water Garden

  1. Cut plants once or twice during the growing season. Use a pair of hand cutters to cut off any growth that looks yellow, brown or sick. If the plant looks healthy, then select the oldest stems or branches to encourage new growth. Aim to trim about one-third of plant growth at the beginning and near the end of the main growing season. [18]
      Keep a garden step 16.jpg
    • If you need to reach plants in the middle of the pond of the water garden, go through it with waders. Walk slowly so you don't slip or fall.
    • Some plants, such as water hyacinths, may need more frequent trimming because they are more invasive.
  2. Remove dead leaves or plants as soon as possible. Check your water garden daily to make sure there are no foreign debris that fell into the pond as it can cause algae to grow. Take out liquid debris with a dusting net and throw it in the trash. If you have dying plants, cut off all stems or leaves with your pruners before they fall into the water. [19]
      Keep a garden step 17.jpg
    • If you want to prevent debris from falling into the water, stretch a piece of nets over the water to catch it.
  3. Clean and rinse the filter every week. Look for the pump along the edge of your garden and remove the cover to access the filter. Remove any leaves or debris that are stuck in the filter and discard them so that water can easily run through it. Then pull the filter straight out and spray it with your garden hose to clean away anything that is stuck to it. [20]
      Maintain a garden step 18.jpg
    • If the garbage does not rinse the filter, buy a replacement from a garden shop or online.
  4. Fill the water garden with your garden hose once a week. Water naturally evaporates from your pond, so place your garden hose in the garden. While the amount of water you need to replenish the pond varies on the weather, try adding about weekly. [21]
      Keep a garden step 19.jpg
    • Avoid replacing all water at once in your garden because you could remove beneficial bacteria or stress your plants.
    • Some water gardens are automatically filled depending on the type of pump or system you have.
  5. Place fertilizer tabs in the body of water to stimulate the plant. Fertilize your plants at the beginning of the growing season so that your plants get the nutrients they need. Reach the water and shoot 1-2 fertilizer flaps per plant in soil under the water and cover them. For 3-4 days, the fertilizer will spread in the soil and water and keep your plants healthy. [22]
      Maintain a garden step 20.jpg
    • You can buy fertilizer tabs from your local garden shop or online.
    • Avoid using regular garden manure as it can cause algae to grow on the surface.
  6. Add beneficial bacteria to maintain the natural ecosystem. Put the bacteria in your pond at the beginning of the growing season and follow up with more every 5-6 weeks. Follow the instructions on the package and add enough good bacteria based on the size of your pond. As the bacteria grow in your pond, it will eliminate algae and provide nutrients for your plants. [23]
      Maintain a garden step 21.jpg
    • You can buy beneficial bacteria for ponds online or in specialized garden stores.
    • It It may take about four weeks for the bacteria to grow, so your dust may look green or full at the beginning of the growing season.
  7. Feed fish in the water garden daily. Get premium fish food for the species you have in your pond and throw a handful in your pond every day. Make sure you do not overfeed the fish, otherwise they will not eat algae during the day. [24]
      Keep a garden step 22.jpg
    • Avoid feeding fish after the temperature has become lower than because they will become dormant and have problems digesting solid food.

[ Edit ] Tips

  • Wear garden gloves while working because soil and fertilizers can irritate your skin. [25]

[ Edit ] Things You Need

[ Edit ] Supporting Vegetable Beds

  • Trowel
  • Water can or hose
  • 5 -10-10 fertilizer [19659009] Hoe
  • Spray Bottle
  • Detergent
  • Wire Fence

[ Edit ] Sustaining Flowers and Landscaping

  • Water can or hose
  • Hoe
  • Rake
  • Compost
  • Hand pruner
  • Spade

[ Edit ] Caring for a Water Garden

  • Hand pruners
  • Dust skimmer net
  • Garden
  • Fertilizer tabs
  • Helpful bacteria for ponds
  • Fish food

[ Edit ] References

  1. https://www.growveg.com/guides/ companion-planting-for-vegetable-gardens / strong19659124 Eight 1945 https://garden.org/learn/articles/view/1283/
  2. [1945 https: //garden.org/learn/articles/view/1283/
  3. https://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.html?number=C984&title=Mulching%20Vegetables [19659125] ↑ https://garden.org/learn/articles/view/1283/
  4. https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-get-rid-of- aphids / [19659129] ↑ https://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.html?number=C1027-9&title=Garden%20 Fencing
  5. https://gardeningsolutions.ifas. ufl.edu/ design / types of gardens / raised beds.html
  6. https://garden.org/learn/articles/view/1284/
  7. https: // garden. org / learn / articles / show / 1284 /
  8. https://garden.org/learn/articles/view/1284/
  9. http://lawntogarden.org/maintain -your-garden [19659135][1945 https://www.thisoldhouse.com/ideas/shrub-pruning-dos-and-donts
  10. https://extension.colostate.edu/to pic-areas / yard-garden / autumn-gardening-tasks /
  11. https://garden.org/learn/articles/view/1284/
  12. https: // garden. org / learn / articles / view / 1284 /
  13. https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/home/does-your-garden-need-a-fall-cleanup-not-so-fast / 2016/10/11 /2d7833ea-8b46-11e6-bff0-d53f592f176e_story.htmlisie19659140strong↑ https://youtu.be/xJ7vjrR-OmA?t=251
  14. https: // aggie- horticulture.tam .edu / earthkind / landscape / water-gardening / maintenance-water-gardens /
  15. https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/earthkind/landscape/water-gardening/main maintenance- water-gardens /
  16. https: //web.extensi on.illinois.edu/containergardening/water_seasonal.cfmstrong19659144achte↑ https://youtu.be/xJ7vjrR-OmA?t=225 [19659139] ↑ https://youtu.be/xJ7vjrR- OmA? T = 59
  17. [1945 https://youtu.be/xJ7vjrR-OmA?t=152
  18. https://www.poison.org/articles/2011-jun/ skin- problem-from-outdoor plants

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