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How to get rid of the flu



The flu is a viral infection that mainly affects the respiratory tract, but it usually lasts for about a week and does not require serious intervention. Symptoms of the flu include: a fever of 37.8 ° C or higher, choking, coughing, sore throat, hard or runny nose, headache, body aches, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and / or diarrhea. [19659002] While there is no way to cure the flu, you can treat its symptoms with the help of home remedies, take the over the counter or prescription medications and take steps to avoid getting the flu in the future.

[ Edit ] Step

[ Edit ] Using home appliances

  1. Use steam. Congestion of the nose and sinus are common symptoms of the flu. If you suffer from overload, using steam can give you relief. Steam heat releases mucus while the moisture helps to relieve dry nasal passages. [2]
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    • Try a hot shower or bath to help clear your congestion faster. Turn the water as hot as you can withstand it and allow the bathroom to be filled with steam with the door closed. If the heat makes you feel a little weak or dizzy, stop immediately and do not continue.
    • When you get out of the shower, dry your hair and body properly. Moist hair can cause you to lose body heat, which is not good when you are sick.
    • You can also use steam by filling your sink with warm water and placing your face over it. Pull a towel over your head to hold the steam in. You can even add a few drops of essential oil with sinus clearing, such as eucalyptus or peppermint, to maximize the sinus clearing benefits.

    [19659010] Try a Neti pot. The Neti pot cleans the nasal passages by thinning and flushing the sinuses with a saline solution. The Neti pot is an elongated ceramic or clay teapot that can be purchased online, in health food stores and in some pharmacies; however, all types of bottles or containers with a thin spout can also be used.

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    • Buy the saline solution used in the Neti pot in health food or drug stores; However, you can create your own saline solution by mixing half a teaspoon of kosher salt in a cup of sterile water. It is important that the water is sterile or properly distilled – make sure to boil the water for five minutes, then allow it to cool to room temperature.
    • Fill the pot with the saline solution and tilt the head aside. a sink, insert the pot into a nostril. Slowly pour in the solution, which should drain into the nostril before it comes out. When the water stops dripping, gently blow the nose and then repeat the process on the opposite side. [3]
  2. Gurgla with salt water. A dry, stained or sore throat is a common symptom of the flu. An easy, natural way to handle this is to gargle a salt solution. The water hydrates the throat and antiseptic properties of the salt control infection. [4]
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    • Make a gargling solution by dissolving a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm to hot water. If you don't like the taste, add a pinch of baking soda to ease the saltiness.
    • You can also try gargle with apple cider vinegar and warm water for a similar effect.
    • Gargle this solution up to four times a day.
  3. Let a mild fever go away. A fever is your body's way of fighting the infection, so it's okay to release it untreated if the temperature is less than 38.3 ° C. It is believed that the fever warms your body and blood, making it easier for your body to fight the infection. , or the virus may not replicate as easily when your body is at a higher temperature. However, there is no evidence to suggest that taking Tylenol to get a fever would prevent your immune system from functioning at its best. You can probably take Tylenol to relieve your symptoms without fear of further injury, but you can always contact your doctor if you are unsure. [5]
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    • Seek medical advice if your fever exceeds 38.3 ° C.
    • Seek treatment for a child under 12 months with any kind of fever. [6]
  4. Blow your nose as often as possible. Blowing your nose is often the best way to get excess mucus out of your sinuses and nasal passages when you are sick from the flu. Do not inhale mucus back into the nose as it can cause sinus pressure and ear pain. [7]
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    • To blow your nose, hold a tissue over your nose with both hands. The tissue should cover the nostrils so that the tissue will catch the mucus when you blow your nose. Then gently press one nostril and blow out through the other.
    • Discard used tissue immediately and wash your hands to minimize the spread of bacteria.

[ Edit ] Take Care of Yourself

  1. Rest as much as possible. When you are ill, your body works hard to get better. This loses all your energy from your body, which means you will be more tired than usual. This also means that you have to rest more, because the body works so hard. If you try to do more than you need, you can make your flu last longer and aggravate your symptoms.
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    • At least eight hours of sleep per night is perfect, but you will probably need even more when you are sick. Sleep in and take naps all day. Take time off from work or school so you can get enough rest.
  2. Keep warm. Keeping your body temperature up helps speed up your recovery. Make sure you turn on the heat in your house so that it is warm enough for you. You can also stay warm by wearing a foggy jacket, by staying under the covers or by using a portable heater.
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    • Dry heat can dry your nose and throat, causing them to dry out even more and aggravate your symptoms. Try using a humidifier in the room where you spend most of your time. This adds moisture back into the air, which can ease coughing and congestion. [8]
  3. Stay at home. When you are ill, you must rest. It is the only way to regain your strength and allow your body to recover. If you go to work or school while you are ill, you will spread your bacteria to those around you. When you are sick with the flu, your immune system is also weaker. This means that you can pick up other diseases from those around you and that you can be sick longer. [9]
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    • Ask your doctor to excuse you from work or school for a few days.
  4. Drink plenty of fluid. Blowing your nose a lot and sweating due to fever and increased environmental heat will cause you to lose moisture. This can aggravate the flu symptoms and cause more symptoms, such as headaches and a dry, irritated throat. Try to drink more fluids than average when you are ill. You can drink caffeinated hot tea, an electrolyte solution like PediaLyte, dilute sports drinks, eat soups and water-heavy fruits and vegetables like watermelon, tomato, cucumber and pineapple, or drink more juice and water.
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    • Avoid sugary sodas as soda acts as a diuretic, causing you to lose more and lose water. Drink ginger ale if you are worried about your stomach, but drink more water.
    • To control dehydration, examine your urine. Very light yellow or almost clear means you are well hydrated. When the urine is dark yellow you may be dehydrated and you should drink more water. [10]
  5. Seek medical help if needed. There is no way to cure the flu after getting it, so you just have to drive it out. When you have the flu, the symptoms usually last seven to ten days. If your symptoms last more than two weeks, make sure you contact your doctor. You should also contact your doctor if you have:
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    • Difficulty breathing or chest pain
    • Sudden dizziness or confusion
    • Severe or persistent vomiting
    • Seizures [19659009] Flu-like symptoms that improve but then recur with fever and worse cough
    • Change in mental status of a toddler (ie more drowsy than usual / who does not wake up to stimulation as normal)

[ Edit ] Using OTC and prescription drugs

  1. Take oral decongestants. Nasal flushing agents help shrink swollen blood vessels in the nasal membranes and allow the nettles to open. The two oral decongestants available without tablets in tablet form include phenylephrine, such as Sudafed PE, and pseudoephedrine, such as Sudafed.
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    • Side effects of oral decongestants include insomnia, dizziness, increased heart rate and increased blood pressure.
    • Do not use oral antifungal agents if you have heart problems or high blood pressure. Use under the care of a doctor if you have diabetes, thyroid problems, glaucoma or prostate problems. [11]
  2. Use spray decongestants. You can also take dishwashing detergent without a nasal spray form. Nasal syringes can provide immediate and effective relief from overload, which can be administered in one or two rapid syringes.
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    • Nasal sprays may contain oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, xylometazoline or nafazoline as a decongestant.
    • Make sure to use the nasal spray only as often as directed. If you use it for more than three to five days, you may feel fuller after you stop using it. This is called the "rebound effect." [12]
  3. Try painkillers and reduce fever. If you have a fever and aches and pains, you can take medication without a counter to relieve. The principal analgesics and antidepressants are acetaminophen, such as Tylenol, or NSAIDs, which are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen.
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    • Avoid taking NSAIDs if you have acid reflux or peptic ulcer. These medications can upset the stomach. If you are already taking an NSAID for other problems like blood clots or arthritis, talk to your doctor before taking this medicine.
    • Many medications with several symptoms contain acetaminophen. Make sure you take the right amount because an overdose can lead to liver toxicity. [13]
    • Do not give aspirin to children or teenagers, especially if they exhibit influenza-like symptoms. This is linked to a severe liver failure disorder, Reye's Syndrome.
  4. Use a cough suppressant. If you have a severe cough, try a cough suppressant. Cough suppressants include dextromethorphan and codeine, although codeine is likely to require prescriptions. Dextromethorphan is available as a tablet or syrup and can come in combination with a mucosal drug.
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    • Side effects of these types of drugs may include drowsiness and constipation.
    • The dosages of these medications vary depending on what you buy and how strong it is, so always follow the doctor's and manufacturer's instructions. [14] [15]

    [19659010] Try a mucus solution. Chest is a common flu symptom. To help cure it, try a mucus remover. Release agents are drugs that loosen and reduce mucus in the breast. Less mucus helps you breathe better and makes your coughs more productive. Many medical prescription medicines for colds and flu have expectorants in them, which can be liquid, liquid gels or tablet form.

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    • If you are not sure what to take, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Also ask about common side effects of expectorants, which may include drowsiness, vomiting and nausea. [16]
  5. Consider a discrete medicine with several symptoms. There are countless combination medications containing many of these different medicines. These are useful if you experience several symptoms at once. Most contain a fever-reducing and analgesic such as acetaminophen, a debilitating agent, a cough suppressant, and sometimes an antihistamine to help you sleep.
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    • If you are taking a combination medicine, make sure not to take other medicines that can duplicate what is in the multi-symptom. This can lead to overdosage. [17]
    • Examples include Tylenol Cold Multi-Symptom, Robitussin Severe Multi-Symptom Cough Cold & Flu Nighttime, DayQuil Cold & Flu, etc.
  6. Ask your doctor about a prescription antiviral drug. "Flu" is a type of a general layman's term that often refers to the cold in severe form. Influenza is a specific virus (influenza type A or B virus) that causes severe symptoms and can be life-threatening for infants and the elderly. If your doctor determines that you have the flu, he may also prescribe antiviral drugs to household members for prevention, especially if they are at high risk, such as someone with a chronic illness or who is older than 65 years. the severity and duration of the disease by a couple of days, controlling outbreaks up close or to other family members and possibly reducing the complications from the flu. [18] These medications include: [19] [19659013TortureFluStage17jpg"src="https://wwwwikihowcom/imagesore/3/30/Get-Rid-of-the-Flu-Step-17jpg/aid205894-v4-728px-Get-Rid-of-the-Flu-Step-17jpg"width="728"height="546"class="whcdn"/>
  • Oseltamivir (Tamiflu)
  • Zanamivir
  • Amantadine and Rimantadine (some influenza strains are resistant to these drugs) [20]
  • Knows about the side effects of antivirals. To be effective antiviral drugs must be started within 48 hours after they became ill and should be taken for five days, however, a number of influenza viruses have developed resistance to some antiviral drugs, and taking these can also help other influenza strains become resistant, although side effects of antiviral drugs may include : [21]
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    • Nausea , vomiting or diarrhea
    • Dizziness
    • Stuffy or runny nose
    • Headache
    • Cough
  • [ Edit ] Get the flu vaccine

    1. Get a flu shot. The only best way to treat any disease is to prevent it. Anyone over six months old should receive the flu shot, which specifically targets the influenza virus. This is especially important for anyone who risks complications from the flu and those who are in contact with those who are particularly vulnerable. This includes those who are 65 or older, young children, women who are pregnant, those with depressed immune systems (such as those undergoing chemotherapy) or those with chronic health conditions such as asthma or diabetes. If you are the parent or caregiver of a person with the risk factors just described, or a caregiver, it is important that you get the flu shot to protect these people as well.
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      • The flu season is October to May, with its peak December to February. [22]. About this time there are flu shots, which are vaccines, in most pharmacies. Most insurance policies cover this cost.
      • Get the vaccine a few weeks before the season starts. It takes about two weeks for the vaccine to fully kick in by helping you develop antibodies to the flu so you can fight it. But getting it early does not help you suffer from it during the two weeks you are susceptible to the flu.
      • You can also get flu shots if you are currently experiencing mild flu-like symptoms. Some people believe that flu symptoms are a contraindication to the flu shot, or why you should not, but this is a common misconception.
      • The vaccine is only effective during a flu season, so you have to get it every year. It also covers only certain strains of influenza. [23]
      • It is also worth noting that influenza vaccine manufacturers in collaboration with physicians must in principle guess which influenza strains will be prominent that year and make the vaccine to include these strains. Some years they are wrong, and the vaccine is not effective because it did not contain the strains that ended up prevailing that season.
    2. Try the nasal spray vaccine. Other than the flu shot, you can get the flu vaccine as a nasal spray. This may be easier for some people, but should be avoided by others. You should not take the nasal spray vaccine if:
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      • You are younger than two or older than 49
      • You have heart disease
      • You have lung disease or asthma
      • You have kidney disease or diabetes
      • You have had previous problems with your immune system
      • You are pregnant
      • You have active respiratory symptoms such as runny nose, cough, etc.
    3. Understand the complications. There are some complications that can occur if you receive either vaccine. Before you receive either vaccine, talk to your doctor about:
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      • You are allergic to or have previously had an allergy to flu shots or eggs before. There is another flu shot for those with egg allergies.
      • If you have a moderate to severe illness with fever. You should wait until you recover before receiving the vaccine.
      • You have the rare nerve disorder, Guillain-Barré syndrome, in which your immune system attacks your peripheral nervous system.
      • If you have multiple sclerosis.
    4. Be aware of the potential side effects of the vaccine. Despite all the good that flu vaccine does, there are some side effects of the flu shot. These may include:
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      • Soreness and swelling at the injection site
      • Headache
      • Fever
      • Nausea
      • Mild flu-like symptoms [19459179

    [ Edit ] Prevent influenza

    1. Avoid sick people. Avoid getting in close contact with people who have the flu to prevent the flu. Close contact includes getting close to the mouth, so avoid kissing or hugging them with the flu. You should also avoid an infected person if they sneeze or cough near you. Any body fluid can transmit influenza bacteria.
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      • Also avoid touching surfaces of the infected individual touched, which will be contaminated with bacteria.
    2. Wash your hands frequently. Proper hand washing is the best way to prevent all types of infections. When in public or around a sick person, wash your hands frequently. Carry hand sanitizer that you can use when you may not have access to a sink. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), the proper hand washing technique is as follows:
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      • Get your hands wet with clean, running water. It can be either hot or cold. Then turn off the tap and apply soap.
      • Screw the soap into your hands by rubbing them together. Do not forget the back of your hands as well as between the fingers and under the nails.
      • Rub your hands together for at least 20 seconds, which is about as long as it takes to sing the traditional version of "Happy Birthday" twice.
      • Then put the tap back on and rinse the soap with warm water.
      • Take a clean towel and dry them. You can also air dry them with a hand dryer. [25]
    3. Follow a healthy diet. A healthy lifestyle can keep your immune system strong and help fight infections. You should eat a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables. You should also reduce your intake of fats, especially saturated fat, as well as sugar.
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      • Vitamin C is an immune boosting vitamin. Although there is mixed evidence of its effectiveness in reducing symptoms, healthy diets rich in vitamins and vitamin C do not hurt. Eat more citrus fruits, suc h like oranges and grapefruit, as well as cantaloupe, mango, papaya, watermelon, broccoli, green and red bell peppers and green leaves. [26]
    4. Keep stress free. Practicing yoga, tai chi or meditation can help you relax every day. If you feel stressed, it is important for your health to take some time for yourself each day, even if it is only ten minutes at a time. This can give your immune system that increases your need.
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      • Stress also overcomes your hormones and can reduce your ability to fight infection. [27] [28]
    5. Exercise most days of the week. Research says that exercise can reduce the risk of flu and make your flu shot more effective. Do at least 30 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise, or exercise that increases your heart rate most days of the week. This keeps your body functioning in peak shape and helps your fight against various infections.
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      • Researchers do not know exactly how or why, but there are some theories about how exercise can help fight various bacterial or viral infections. It is suggested that it flushes bacteria from the lungs, through urine and through sweat. It is also suggested that exercise sends antibodies and white blood cells through the body faster, detects disease earlier and that the rise in body temperature prevents bacterial growth. [29]
    6. Get enough sleep. Chronic sleep loss can have many effects, including lowering your immune system. [30] To stay healthy, it is important that you get enough sleep every night. Adults should get between 7.5 and nine hours of sleep. [31]
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    [ Edit ] Video

    [ Edit ] Tips

    • Get a lot of sleep.
    • Make sure you stay home, drink plenty of water and get plenty of rest.
    • Stay healthy! Sometimes a disease is caused by a vitamin deficiency.
    • When you vomit from getting the flu drink nothing directly. You often have to wait for about ten minutes for your body to rebuild. Ginger ale helps with the stomach.
    • There is no strong evidence of certain foods or supplements and herbs that help with the flu.
    • Stay indoors so you don't spread bacteria.

    [ Edit ] Related wikiHows

    • Prevent the Common Cold
    • Get rid of a cold without using medication
    • Stop the spread of a Pandemic Flu Virus
    • Fight a cold or flu

    Edit ] References

    [ Edit ] Quick summary

    1. [1945 http: // www. cdc.gov/flu/consumer/ symptom.htm
    2. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Cold-common/Pages/Treatment.aspx
    3. http: // www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ ConsumerUpdates / ucm316375.htm
    4. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/common-cold/in-depth/cold-remedies/art-20046403 [19659170] ↑ http: //www.webmd.boots.com/cold-and-flu/flu-guide/treat-colds-flu-naturally
    5. http: //www.emedicinehealth. com / fever_in_adults / article_em.htm
    6. http://www.webmd.bo ots.com/cold-and-flu/flu-guide/treat-colds -flu-natural
    7. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cool-mist-humidifiers/AN01577
    8. [1945 http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/common cold / deepening / cold / art-20046403
    9. http://www.healthline.com/symptom/dark-urine
    10. [1945 https: // www .nlm.nih.gov / medlineplus / druginfo / meds / a682619.html
    11. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo /meds/a608026.html
    12. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a681004.html
    13. https://www.nlm.nih .gov / medlineplus / druginfo / meds / a682492.html
    14. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682065.html
    15. https: / /www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo /meds/a682494.html Tu 1919919313 ↑ http://www.drugs.co m / mtm / multi-symptom-night-cold-flu-relief.html
    16. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/flu/basics/treatment/con-20035101
    17. [1945 http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases- conditions / flu / basics / treatment / con-20035101.0219659186vard ↑ https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/qa/ antiviralresistance.htm
    18. http: //www.cdc. gov / flu / antivirals / whatyoushould.htm
    19. http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/season/ influenza season.htm
    20. http: //www.mayoclinic. org / diseases-conditions / flu / in-depth / flu-shots / art-20048000? pg = 2ebrit19659190vard 1945 http://healthline.com // health / flu-shot-side-effects? pb = true & utm_expid = 54494492-12.A9dzFrQpStmm-Ogq3kOrrA.1 & utm # FluShots1 Chapter19659191 / 11 1945 http://www.cdc.gov / handwashing /
    21. [1945 https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus /ency/article/002404.htm
    22. http: //www.ncbi.nlm.nih. gov / PMC / articles / PMC1361287 /
    23. http: //www.mayoclinic .org / healthy lifestyle / stress management / depression / stress / art-20046037
    24. https: // www. nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007165.htm [19659196] ↑ http://www.helpguide.org/articles/sleep/how-much-sleep-do-you-need.htm [19659191] ↑ http://www.helpguide.org/articles /sleep/how-much-sleep-do-you-need.htm

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