Home / How To / How to design a small garden

How to design a small garden



Even if you do not have a large area in your garden, you can still create a beautiful garden that maximizes the space you have. Before you start digging or planting, make sure you have a detailed plan for the design of your garden and the plants you want to include. Look for plants that grow well in your area and are small enough to fit in your garden when they reach their full size. With the right plants, you have only one hour of weekly care for your little garden.

[ Edit ] Step

[ Edit ] Choosing the best location

  1. Choose an area that receives 6-8 hours of sunshine daily . Since most flowering plants and vegetables require full sun to grow properly, choose the sunniest area in your garden to place your garden. If the area does not receive much light during the day, you may still be able to grow plants that thrive in the shade. [1]
      Design a small garden step 1.jpg
    • Plants that do not get enough light will not produce as many flowers or grow as well.
  2. Select a location close to a water source. Try to find an area that either has a natural water source or sits near your outdoor hose bracket. This way, the soil stays moist and makes it less likely to dry out and kill your plants. If you cannot place your garden directly at a water source, make sure it is as close as possible. [2]
      Design a small garden Step 2.jpg
    • You can also try to build an artificial pond or water feature if you want to help keep the soil moist.
  3. Choose a place where you can easily access your garden. Look for a place in your garden where you can see your garden from a window or a place in your garden so you can enjoy it. Make sure you can easily walk into your garden to make it easier to care for your plants. Avoid placing it somewhere that is difficult to get to, otherwise it can be more difficult. [3]
      Design a small garden Step 3.jpg
  4. Measure the space you have available for your garden. Stretch a tape measure over the length of the area and record the measurement on a piece of paper. Then take the area width measurement. Check your dimensions to make sure they are accurate so you can plan the space effectively. [4]
      Design a small garden Step 4.jpg
    • Usually plots grow best in rectangular areas, but you can make your garden a different shapes, such as a triangle or circle, if it fits the space better.

[ Edit ] Following Design Principles

  1. Plan the design for your garden to scale on a piece of graph paper. Draw the outline on the paper so that each square is equal. Start by sketching longer rectangles for your garden beds so that they will scale to the actual size you want them to be. Then divide the rectangles into smaller sections for each plant you want to put into them, provided 1-2 plants usually pick up. Make sure you leave a space between garden beds so you can easily walk between them and take care of your plants. [5]
      Design a small garden step 5.jpg
    • For example, if you want a garden bed and every square on the graph paper is the same, then you would draw a rectangle that is 3 square high by 8 square long. This bed leaves enough room for 24-48 plants.
    • Work with a pen so you can easily delete and make changes to the design.
    • Look online for digital garden planners to help you design the layout.
  2. Use square gardening for the most compact growing system. Make a grid on your design so that each square is. Make a list of the plants you want to grow and label each square on the grid with one of the plants from your list. Make sure you know the final growing sizes so that you can easily handle how many plants of a species you will be able to grow in the square. [6]
      Design a small garden step 6.jpg
    • You can usually fit 1-2 individual plants of a species in the area, but you may be able to plant more if they are small growths. Talk to a garden center employee because they can help you select plants that work best.
  3. Arrange your design so that there are contact points. Aim to have 1-2 aspects of your garden design unique so that they stand out from the rest of your plants. This can be a statue, fountain or small tree located in the middle or on both sides. Take into account where you want people to focus or get their attention when they look at your garden and plan your design around these places. [7]
      Design a small garden step 7.jpg
    • Focus points help your garden feel more inviting and make them more visually appealing.
    • Roads in your garden can also help draw people's eyes in certain directions to help flow visually.
  4. Set similar plants apart to create rhythm and symmetry. Instead of putting different plants in each of your garden beds, choose to use the same plant or ones that have similar textures or colors so that they are opposite each other. That way, when you look at your garden, it will look inviting and make the area feel more balanced. Make sure the plants on each side of your garden have roughly the same sizes, or that your garden design may look messy or unbalanced. [8]
      Design a small garden step 8.jpg
  5. Make the edge height ⅓ of the horizontal length to help it feel closed. Making your garden feel closed will make you feel more comfortable when you work in your garden. Measure the garden's horizontal length and select plants or design features that are at least a third of that length in your design. [9]
      Design a small garden step 9.jpg
    • For example, if you have a garden that is long, aim to get plants that reach up to the edges
  6. Include seating for your design if you want a place to relax. Look online or in garden stores to find outdoor seating that suits your space and matches your style. Draw the seats in your design and make sure you have roads leading to it. You can place the seats directly in the grass, or you can place it on tiles or pavers for a level, even surface. [10]
      Design a small garden step 10.jpg
    • Avoid using furniture that is made for indoor use as it could easily develop mold or get dirty from the weather.
    • You do not need to include seating in your garden unless you have space.

[ Edit ] Choose your Plants

  1. Choose raised beds that are deep for better soil. Look for raised beds or containers that are around wide and deep so that the plant roots have room to grow. Avoid getting beds wider as this can make it harder to care for and harvest your plants. If possible, orient the beds so that they go from north to south to allow your plants to get so much light during the day. [11]
      Design a small garden step 11.jpg
    • Elevated beds are easier to handle because you can more easily control the soil and nutrients inside the container.
    • If you do not want to use raised beds, you can still plant in rows directly in the ground.
    • Build the planting bed if you can't find pre-constructed in the sizes you need.
  2. Mix ornamental and edible plants together in your garden. Try to include at least 1-2 types of flowering ornamental plants in each of your garden beds where you plan to grow vegetables. Choose plants that have different leaf shapes and different flowers to make your garden look visually interesting. Talk to employees at a local garden center to find out which plants are most compatible so they don't compete for nutrients. [12]
      Design a small garden step 12.jpg
    • Some ornamental plants you can use in your garden include coughs, hibiscus, allium, sage, lavender and sedum. [13]
    • Flowering ornamental plants also attract beneficial insects that kill other pests and help to pollinate.
    • You do not need to include vegetables in your garden if you just want ornamental or flowering plants.
  3. Select compact plant varieties to maximize space. If you like the appearance of larger plants and want to grow them, check your local garden center to see if they have compact versions of them. Check the final growing size of the packaging to make sure they still fit properly in your garden beds by the end of the season. Include the plants in your garden design drawing so you see how much space they take up. [14]
      Design a small garden step 13.jpg
    • The most common vegetables that have compact varieties are cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini and squash, but you may find others.
    • Avoid planting any melons or fruit trees, as they can be difficult to control and can steal nutrients from other plants.
  4. Use companion to reduce nutrient competition and manage pests. Talk to an employee at a garden center or look online if the plants you want to grow and what is right for them. Try to place smaller plants between larger ones so you can get the most out of growing space. Make sure the plants you choose are compatible with each other, otherwise they may not grow fully. [15]
      Design a small garden step 14.jpg
  5. Include a fence or trellis to help plants grow vertically. Try to put the columns or fence along the north side of your garden so that plants that grow on it can get the most light throughout the day. Aims to have a high trellis to help it support most growth. [16] Avoid placing a trellis or fence where it casts shade on other plants, otherwise you can make them grow less efficiently. [17]
      Design a small garden step 15 .jpg
    • Trellises and fences work well for plants like plants, such as peas, beans, squash and tomatoes.
    • You can also attach shelves or containers directly to a fence if you want to grow flowering plants off the ground.
  6. Try succession planting if you want a great variety of vegetation. Look for plants that stop flowering or are ready to harvest in the middle of the growing season. Then choose varieties of plants that thrive in the latter half of the growing season to replace the plants that grew earlier. That way, your garden will always produce fresh vegetables or flowers throughout the year. [18]
      Design a small garden step 16.jpg
    • For example, you can plant radishes or lettuce in spring to harvest in late summer. Then you can grow summer squash in the same place to harvest in the fall. [19]

[ Edit ] Tending Your Garden

  1. Mulch between your plants to help the soil retain water. Aims to have a layer of organic bark, such as wood chips, leaves or peat moss. Spread the mulch evenly over your garden so it is about one of your plants. Apply mulch again throughout the season if you notice it is getting thin. [20]
      Design a small garden step 17.jpg
    • Mulch also prevents weeds from growing in your garden beds.
  2. Water the soil when it feels dry under the surface. Dig a hole in the ground that is deep and touch it with your finger. If it feels dry, use a watering can or hose to water the soil until it is wet deep. Check the soil daily to make sure it does not dry out and kill your plants. [21]
      Design a small garden step 18.jpg
    • Plants in containers or raised beds usually need watering more often than those directly planted in the ground.
  3. Apply fertilizer at the beginning and middle of the growing season. You can either use liquid fertilizers or buy granules drawn into the soil. Apply half the amount of fertilizer to the soil near your plants and spread it evenly throughout the garden bed. Immediately water the soil so that the fertilizer can soak in and provide nutrients to your plants. [22]
      Design a small garden step 19.jpg
    • Be careful not to get any fertilizer directly on your plants as you can damage them. [19659009] Pull out weeds by hand as you watch them grow. Check your garden beds weekly for weeds growing between your plants. Remove the weeds as close to the ground as you can and pull them straight out of the ground. If you do not want to pull them by hand, use a hack or trowel to dig out the roots and remove them from your garden. [23]
        Design a small garden step 20.jpg
      • Avoid leaving the weeds in soil as they could grow back.
    • Prune plants to control their sizes. Start pruning at the beginning of the season to promote new growth and mid-season to help your garden look clean. Remove any stalks or branches that have been damaged or look laid with a pair of hand cutters. Make cuts at a 45-degree angle to reduce the risk of rats. [24]
        Design a small garden step 21.jpg
      • Do not cut more than one third of the vegetation, otherwise the plant may not grow back so easily.

[ Edit ] Tips

  • Get inspiration for designs and layouts from garden magazines.
  • Go to a local garden shop to ask about plants that work well together and find new additions to your garden.

[ Edit ] Things You Need

  • Tape measure
  • Graph paper
  • Raised garden beds
  • Fence or trellis
  • Outdoor seating (optional)
  • Water can or hose
  • Mulch
  • Fertilizer
  • Hand Cutter

[ Edit ] References

  1. [1945 https://www.bobvila.com/articles/2500-how -to-plant-a-vegetable-garden /
  2. https://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail .html? number = C1027-11 & title = Sources% 20of% 20Water% 20for% 20the% 20Garden
  3. [1945 https://www.gardeners.com/how-to/garden-design-basics/5165.html [19659102] ↑ https://agrilifeextension.tamu.edu/library/gardening/planning-a-garden/vud19659104vard↑ https://agrilifeextension.tamu.edu/library/gardening/planning-a-garden /
  4. https://www.almanac.com/video/planning-square-foot-garden
  5. https://www.gardeners.com/how-to/garden- design-basics / 5165.html
  6. https://www.gardeners.com/how-to/garden-design-basics/5165.html
  7. https://www. gardendesign.com/ landscape-design / rules.html
  8. https://youtu.be/U-iyod0unLM?t=312
  9. https://www.almanac.com/ content / how-built-garden-bed
  10. https://youtu.be/U-iyod0unLM?t=128
  11. http://www.perennialresource.com/photo_essay. php? ID = 292
  12. https://www.gardeningchannel.com/sma ll-vegetable-garden-layout-ideas /
  13. https://www.almanac.com/content/ raised-bed-gardens-and-small-plots
  14. https://extension.umn.edu/planting-and-growing-guides/trellises-and-cages#stakes-821161vud19659116vard↑ https : //www.almanac.com/content/small-vegetable-garden-plans -and-layouts #
  15. https://www.almanac.com/content/small-vegetable-garden-plans- and-layouts #
  16. https: //www.gardeningchannel .com / small-vegetable-garden-layout-ideas /
  17. https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/ topics / caring-your-garden
  18. https: // garden.org/learn/articles/view/1284/vud19659121achte↑ https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/topics/caring -your-garden
  19. https: // garden .org / learn / articles / show / 1284 /
  20. https: //www.thisold house.com/ideas/shrub-pruning-dos-and-donts

Source link