Building a long bow from the ground is not as simple as finding a long piece of wood and attaching a string to it. That said, it is not beyond the skills of the average DIYer, and it can be a very rewarding project. If you take the time to choose, shape, string and finish the bow properly, you can build yourself a functioning long bow that can last for several years.
[ Edit ] Step
[ Edit ] Shaping Your Bow
- Buy or find a long, straight, knot-free hard wooden bar. Your rod ̵
- You can buy a piece of wood in a home improvement store or build a more rustic longbow using a tree branch. Fallen branches often work just as well or even better than freshly cut branches. Look for a fallen branch that has dried out slightly but is not brittle.
- Some of the best arch include bar wind, ash and hickory. That said, pretty much all hard wood, including maple and oak, will do the job. Softwoods like pine and cedar are not good candidates.
- Scrape the bark off the rod with a knife or other sharp tool. A pocket knife or woodcut knife works well here, but pretty much any type of sharp blade will do. Use short, shallow strokes to scrape off the bark. However, do not try to remove the wood under the bark. 
- It is not necessary to remove the bark, but it will make it easier to get a better look at how the wood bends and make adjustments as needed. It also improves the appearance of your DIY bow!
- Press the rod while it is upright to find its natural curve. Hold the rod upright, with a loose grip on the top and bottom set against your foot. Gently push outwards towards the center of the rod. The bar will rotate and its natural curve will point away from you. 
- This maneuver identifies the inside and outside – also called "belly" and "back" – of bow. The "belly" comes closest to your body as you pull the bow.
- You may make some incisions on the inside of the rod, but the outside must be left untouched. Any cuts on the outside will seriously affect the life of the arch and its structural integrity.
- Select the handhold in the center of the rod. Find the middle of the stick, use a tape measure if available, or by making your best guess. Measure or estimate in both directions along the rod from the center and mark them with a permanent marker or shallow notch with your knife. 
- This center section is the handle – the place where you hold the bow as you draw it. Leave the handle untouched, like the outside of the rod, to preserve the arch's structural integrity.
- Bend the rod again and look closer at the curve. Hold the bar upright with your hand and against your foot again. This time, however, you apply a little more pressure to bend the wood further – the middle should push out at least. Look carefully at the rod's curve and identify any spots where the wood does not bend as easily. 
- Straight wood from the inside of the arch to adjust the curve. Shave off a few layers of bark and wood from one of the spots where the wood does not bend properly with the knife or any other sharp tool. By removing wood you will increase the flexibility of the rigid areas. Continue straightening the wood and testing the arch's flexibility until it bends into a uniform shape, both above and below the handle. 
- Just cut wood from the inside of the curve. . Leave the outside of the bow untouched.
- The handhold and the tips should remain relatively straight compared to the rest of the arch.
- The amount of carving required will vary greatly depending on how thick the rod is.
Edit ] String the Bow
- Cut notches on the inside and outside of each bow tip. These notches hold the bow in place. Make the notches on the outside curve no more than deep, and the notches on the inside no more than deep. 
- Cut the notches in from the arch tips.
- Tie your chosen bow line around the notches you cut. The bow string should be about shorter than the rod. Tie one end around the notches at the bottom of the rod and then tie a slip knot at the other end of the bow string. Bend the bow until you can get the slip knot over the notches at the top of the bow. 
- When in place, there should be a gap between the bow string and the handle. Choose a different length of the bow line if the gap is significantly smaller or larger than this.
- Buy a bow string, or use any strings or cord material that are strong and durable and that only extend slightly under tension. Good alternatives include nylon paracord, a long skirt or even twisted plant fibers if you really want to get back to nature!
- Do not pull back in the string yet – the bow is not complete and can break.
- Hang the bow horizontally so that it is placed above you. Your goal is to rest the bow on the center handle, above the head height but within easy reach, with the string perpendicular to the ground. For example, if you are at home, you can hang the handle from a bicycle hook screwed into a rafter or beam. In the forest you will find a sturdy, low-hanging tree limb that you can feed the bow over until it is almost against the trunk. 
- Drag down the bowstring and fine-tune the bow. Pull the string down and look at the curve of the bow. Identify visual spots that do not bend freely, release the string and use your knife to shave wood from the inside of the bow in these areas. Pull the string again and repeat the process until the bow bends evenly. 
- But don't stop yet! Pull the string down and straight wood from the bow if needed. Repeat the process at and.
[ Edit ] Finishing Your Bow
- Apply a layer of protective oil to prevent the wood from drying out. Linseed oil and heavy oil are good alternatives here. Apply an even layer of your chosen oil with a natural brush and then wipe off the excess with a cloth. Let the oil dry for at least 4 hours and possibly overnight. 
- Throw the oil-soaked cloth into a bucket of water and leave it there while the bow dries. Then hang the cloth out to dry and toss it in the trash when it is no longer damp. This eliminates the risk of the oil-soaked cloth catching on fire.
- Applying a protective oil is an optional step, but it will help your bow to last longer and look better.
- Rub the dried finish with fine sandpaper, then apply more oil if desired. When the oil coating is completely dry, lightly rub the entire arc with fine-grained sandpaper (360 or higher). If you want to apply a second coat of oil, wipe off the ground arch with a sticky cloth, then apply the second coat in the same way as the first. 
- Try your new bow. At this point, the bow is ready to be used. Lock an arrow, go into shooting position, draw bowstring, zero in on your target and let it fly!
- If you want to go completely DIY, try making your own arrows as well.
- Do not test the bow without an arrow, as it can damage the bow and cause it to break.
- Make safety your first priority when using your longbow. Never point an arrow anywhere near another person.
[ Edit ] Warnings
- A longbow can be a deadly weapon. If you hunt, it never targets anything you don't intend to kill.
[ Edit ] Things You Need
- Wood stave
- Knife or carving tool
- Bow string
- Overlay hanging
- Protective oil
- Water Cup
- Fine Sandpaper
[ Edit ] Related wikiHows
- Build a Wood Fence
- Take Up Archery ] [ Edit ] References
- ↑ https://www.wildernesscollege.com/bow-making-instructions.htmlebrit19659078vard↑ https://www.woodworkersjournal. com / stripping-branches-walking-sticks /
- ↑ https: //www.skilledsurvival.com/how-to-make-a-longbow/
- ↑ https: // www. wildernesscollege.com/bow-making-instructions.html
- ↑ https://www.popularmechanics.com/home/how-to-plans/how-to/a17108/make-a-bow-and- is row by hand /
- ↑ h ttps: //www.popularmechanics.com/home/how-to-plans/how-to/a17108/make-a-bow-and-arrow-by-hand /
- ↑ http: // www .bio.brandeis.edu / fieldbio / Survival / Pages / bowandarrow.html
- ↑ http://www.bio.brandeis.edu/fieldbio/ Survival / Pages / bowandarrow.html
- ↑ https://www.outdoorlife.com/blogs/survivalist/survival-skills-how-carve-tradition-bow/
- [1945 https://www.wildernesscollege.com/bow-making-instructions. htmlebrit19659087vard ↑ https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-waterproof-wood/
- ↑ https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-waterproof- Wood /