Emergencies occur every day and they can be fatal if they catch you unprepared. Especially during a natural disaster, good emergency preparation can make a life-saving difference.
Of course, the requirements for emergency preparation vary depending on time, location and events. Some geographical locations are more prone to certain types of disasters than others. People living in low-lying coastal areas need to pay more attention to potential flooding. Homes near forests should be more aware of the risk of fires. And people living along tectonic fault lines should prepare for earthquakes.
Whatever dangers in your area may be most prone, you can take some general precautions in the event of an emergency.
Local Emergency Authority Contact Information
To find out what types of emergency situations your area may be at risk, and what recommendations your municipality may have to respond, contact your community emergency office.
Ask about the chance of a disaster occurring and ask for some official advice on proposed escape routes, deliveries and methods of emergency communication.
If you have children or older family members, ask for any special help that may be available to them.
Many kinds of emergencies can lead to water shortages; for example, earthquakes can damage the water supply pipes and interrupt the normal flow of tap water. To ensure that you and your family have enough water, the Red Cross recommends that you store at least one gallon of water per person / day in strong containers. As a general rule, you should replace this water every six months.
Non-distributable packaged food and a non-electric can opener
In emergencies, food supply is likely to become rapid. In some really bad situations, you may not have access to malls. For emergencies, make sure you have a canned or dry food reserve that can hold the whole family for at least three days. Keep your emergency opener close to these supplies.
Don't rely on frozen goods if you lose power during a disaster event. Check a few times a year to make sure you stay ahead of all expiration dates.
A first aid kit and
A complete first aid kit should contain analgesics, bandages, eye wash, tweezers, antiseptic cream, a thermometer, cleaning cloths , gloves, scissors, a razor and disinfectant. In case of illness or exposure to poisons, it is a good idea to have diarrhea, antacid and laxative medicine as well.
If some family members rely on live preservative medication, do not let these prescriptions run out before replenishing them. If an emergency occurs, you may not be able to receive more for several days.
Blankets and sleeping bags
Blankets are important if you are moving from your home. Disasters such as a fire outbreak may mean that you have to find an alternative place to sleep. Having sleeping bags and blankets will be a great advantage, especially if you have small children nearby.
Keep at least one change of sturdy clothing and strong shoes for each family member.
In a worst case scenario, you or family members may signal your need for help from a place that is difficult to access. You may be trapped under rubble or stranded from the emergency line of sight. The high pitched, loud sounds of a whistle can be more audible than shouting for help.
Dust masks, plastic wrap, duct tape
In a fire, dust storm, or other event that pollutes the air, masks can help you and your family breathe safely, and plastic sheets and tape can provide protection from a dangerous environment.
Moist towels, trash bags, plastic straps
These items can help you maintain personal sanitation in a situation where plumbing services are disturbed.
Diapers, bottles, formula, wipes and rash will all be needed if you have a very small one.
Don't forget your furry, feathered or peeled friend. They will be in as much trouble as you.
Wrenches or Pliers
You may need to turn off your security tools, so you want some reliable tools to adjust the connections
A flashlight is one of the most important the tools during most emergencies. Floods, fires, earthquakes and storms can all strike local power, whether they affect your home directly or not. In any other disaster that may disrupt the power supply, you need a way to look at night.
Solar charger or portable generator
If the power goes down for several days you may need to charge your portable units, or accessory cooking units.
During major disasters, the flow of information is important. If mobile phone communication is interrupted, you should be able to obtain information from emergency channels. To be on the safe side, pick up a radio that you can charge by turning. If you have a battery model instead, make sure you have plenty of spare batteries.
Extra set of car keys
In a particularly dangerous situation you may need to evacuate. In a moment like that, you don't want to get trapped and look for your keys. Have a backup set somewhere safe.
We have become quite dependent on smartphones to find the way. Make sure you do not get lost without access to GPS.
Cash or Traveler's Check
Keep an emergency stop in the event of a power failure and / or evacuation. It is unlikely, but if a large-scale loss of electricity hits your region, you may not be able to use forms of payment that are dependent on digital communications.
If things get really bad, you want paper and / or electronic copies of identifications, bank records and insurance in a small, waterproof container.
It is a requirement of the law to have a fire extinguisher at home and business in most states. Whether it is mandatory where you live or not, you should keep one in your home and make sure it is up to date.
List of emergency numbers
Emergency numbers can be used by anyone to call help. You should always have a list of all important emergency numbers. Make sure your children have memorized the important emergency numbers as well. Some of the important figures include 911/999 police, 997 ambulance and 998 fire. If you live in an area prone to flooding, you should get all the necessary emergency numbers in your location.
List of Family Physicians
You should have at least one doctor on your card number. Having a reliable family doctor reduces the stress of trying to find one during an emergency. Family doctors can provide doctors during an emergency without asking for money in advance.
Special items for infants and the elderly
There are some tools that must be available for the children or the elderly. For example, you should always have a carrier or wheelchair for the elderly.
If you live in a place that is prone to flooding, make sure you are ready for a swim in the house. You should provide life-saving jackets or liquid pipes to your family.
Hot plate / cooking pan / stirrer
If your gas connection goes down, you need a way to prepare and consume food. Store some paper plates, cups and napkins with this equipment along with plastic utensils.
Matches in a waterproof container
You may need to start a fire for heating or cooking.
Chlorine bleach / drip water for households
You can use this to disinfect water for washing in a pinch.
Personal hygiene articles
Depending on the needs of the family, this may include emergency toothbrushes and toothpaste, contact lens solution and tampons.
Activities for children
If things get bad and you have to wait a long time, you might want something to engage little ones who are scared or upset.