Garden walls are both a useful and picturesque way to shape your landscape. Fortunately, even though they involve heavy lifting, they are relatively easy to create in your own outdoor space.
Garden Wall Foundation and Materials
Garden barriers need a strong foundation to stand year after year. While these walls are built of bricks or concrete bricks, they should preferably stand on concrete. A strong foundation will allow them to withstand the large amount of pressure walls that carry their own weight and withstand years of wear, tear and potentially bad weather. Another way to create a robust wall is to put the first layer of brick or stone below the ground level.
Layered patterns, called bindings, can be used to create an extra durable, double-wythe structure. Most of these bonds require cutting.
When bricks or concrete stones are turned sideways to fit the pattern on the wall, they are called headings. When laid flat in the usual way they are called drills.
Step 1 – Plan the wall
Before you actually start building the wall, you need to determine the location and layout. Check out your city office to learn about the location of buried pipes or cables where you plan to dig for your wall (in America you can call 811 to get this information from the Department of Transportation).
Use a  garden hose to select a line for your wall. Once you have it positioned to your liking, use landscape highlight color to select the layout lines for the project.
Step 2 – Dig the trench
Dig a ditch along the line you marked to start the installation. The tomb should be slightly wider than the blocks or bricks you use to build the wall. The entire first layer of blocks should be underground, so dig the trench deep enough to facilitate it. Tamp the ground to the bottom of the trench with the help of a soil splitting.
Step 3 – Add gravel or stones
Add a few inches of gravel or pebble dust to the bottom of the trench. Use your soil adjustment to make a final tamping round.
Step 4 – Add the first layer of stones
Now it's time to start laying your concrete blocks or bricks. Start at the end that is either most visible in your landscaping or where the wall meets a different structure. If your wall is along a slope, start at the lowest point.
Place the first stone in the shooter and make sure it is level on all sides. If you find that the stone is not flat, remove it and add more gravel or dig deeper if necessary.
To keep your stones level throughout the wall as you lay the stones, wooden stakes hammer the ground at each end of the wall layout line and the ditch. Then tie a string to each insert so that it is evenly over the top of the first stone you laid. Adjust the string. This will act as a guide to help you evenly lay the rest of this rock layer.
When this is done you continue to lay the stones next to each other along the ditch. The first layer is the key to a strong and successful wall, so make sure each stone is level and laid correctly as you go.
Step 5 – Add additional layers
When the first layer is complete, it's time for a new row. Each row will be offset from it below it, so if the wall you are building is straight on the ends, start it with a block that has been cut in half to facilitate this pattern. Continue laying stones in rows and compensating the seams with each row and layer. As you continue to stock, stop at regular intervals to check that the stones are smooth and secure. Repeat this process until your wall has the desired height.
Before you know it, your wall will be ready. It is ready for you to replenish the area behind it and plant shrubs and flowers to further adorn your garden.